In the context of the center's project to translate and make available the documents related to the history of Qatar and the Arabian Gulf countries in various archives, the project began with the publication of "Selections from the Records of the Bombay Government". Subsequently, the first volume of "Selections from the National Archives of Delhi" was published, covering the period between 1871 and 1840. The second volume of this series was issued in collaboration with Hamad Bin Khalifa University Press. This volume contains translations of documents pertaining to Qatar and the Arabian Gulf countries, as well as their relations with various international, regional, and local powers during the period between 1875 and 1872, as described in the reports of the Government of British India. These reports include correspondence, telegraphs, and communications exchanged between Residents, Agents, and Commandants of Indian Navy ships and their chiefs at the Ministry of State for India and the British Foreign Office. They also contain letters from the region's Sheikhs and traders, reflecting aspects of their affairs, reactions, and interactions with significant events, as some of them participated in or witnessed these occurrences. Therefore, the volume covers a variety of topics, including political, military, economic, social, and others.
This volume covers a vital period in the history of Qatar and the Arabian Gulf, which began with the advent of the Ottoman campaign in the region in 1871. It explains the attitude of British authorities in the Gulf towards the arrival of the Ottomans, as the Ottoman forces entered Al-Ahsa and Qatif at the request of Abdullah Bin Faial Bin Turki to support him against his brother. Subsequently, an Ottoman garrison was stationed in Qatar. These documents describe the British fears regarding the Ottoman consideration of attaching Bahrain, and the issuance of directions by the British Government to refer the issue to arbitration. These concerns intensified especially after Saud Bin Faisal resorted to Bahrain, the movements of Ottoman ships in Gulf waters, and the dispatch of soldiers and provisions from Basra and Kuwait to Ottoman garrisons in Al-Ahsa, Qatif, and Qatar. Additionally, the documents cover the movements of some Ottoman forces from Najd to Hijaz.Moreover, these documents also reveal the British attitude towards the Ottoman presence and the attitudes of the region's rulers towards the Ottomans, particularly Sheikh Jasim Bin Mohamed Bin Thani, who supported the Ottoman presence due to his Islamic creed and his desire to rid Qatar of British imperial interests. Furthermore, the documents in this volume highlight the phases of the collapse of the second Saudi State