The Six Civilizations on the Banks of the Arabian Gulf (Feb. 2019)

The Six Civilizations on the Banks of the Arabian Gulf (Feb. 2019)

 In a symposium organized by the center, Dr. Khazal Al-Majidi, Professor of Religions and Ancient Civilizations, gave a lecture about the six ancient civilizations on the banks of the Arabian Gulf: “Dilmun”, “Umm al-Nar”, “Magan”, “Anshan”, “Arta” and “Mlukha”. He reviewed the relation between the civilizations of both coasts and their influence on and by the cultural environment. He mentioned the naming of the Arabian Gulf in the past: “Sea of the Land of God”, Sea of Great Rising”, “Lower Sea”, “the Bitter River”, “Kaldu Sea”, “Persia Sea”, “Gulf of Iraq”, “Gulf of Basra”, “Gulf of Oman”, Gulf of Bahrain”, “Gulf of Qatif” and “Arabian Gulf”. He then moved on to talk about the phases of the prevalence of the Mesopotamian civilization on the eastern and western coasts of the Gulf, the image of “Dilmun” in the Sumerian mythology, and the status of “Dilmun” for the Sumerians, the phases of the culture of “Dilmun” and tombs, arts, architecture and stamps in “Dilmun”. He then talked about the settlements, graveyards, heritage, and antiquities of the civilization of “Umm al-Nar”, clarifying its Ubaidian roots. After that, he talked about the “Magan” civilization (the region of copper) demonstrating to what extent it was influenced by the culture of “Umm al-Nar”.

 Al-Majidi then dealt with the civilizations of the eastern coast of the Arabian Gulf. He pointed out that “Elam” is the oldest civilization in the extreme southwest of modern-day Iran. It was a part of the “Chalcolithic” period. He indicated that “Anshan” civilization, located also southwest of Iran, was one of the early “Elamite” capitals. He discussed also the archaeological culture of “Jiroft”- dating back to the Bronze Age; about the third millennium BC- which was inherited later by the gold- and silver-rich civilization of “Arta”. He then moved on to discuss the civilization of “Marhasi”-dating back to the third millennium BC- that lies to the east of “Elam” in the Iranian Plateau.

 In the third part of his lecture, he talked about the relations of the cultures of the two coasts of the Arabian Gulf with one another and as being a commercial intermediate between the Mesopotamian and the Sindhi cultures. He reviewed the Sindhi culture of “Mlukha” and its relations with “Magan” and “Dilmun”. The moderator for the symposium was Prof. Jamal Hajar, the former dean of college of Arts at Alexandria University.

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Qatar in the Documents of the International Archives (Dec. 2018)

Qatar in the Documents of the International Archives (Dec. 2018)

In the light of celebrating Qatar’s National Day, the center organized a seminar entitled Qatar in the Documents of International Archives, where the importance of archives for writing the history of Qatar was discussed. Dr. Jamal Hajar, professor of modern and contemporary heritage, discussed Qatar in the Documents of British Archives; he defined document and its types. He clarified that Man used recording in order to retain the information, ideas and previous experiences that exceed the capacity of the natural memory, and defined archives as the non-current documents that are kept for their lasting value. He pointed out that types of archiving vary from documents, records and archival units. He said that the British Archives contain documents of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Colonial Office and Ministry of Aviation, documents of the Council of Ministers and documents of the Indian Office. He indicated that he began to deal with archives since the mid-seventies of the twentieth century making use of its documents in writing the history of the Arabian Gulf and Arabia, as the documents of the Indian Office include significant documents about the history of Qatar until 1947; when India gained its independence. The British Residency in the Gulf and its agencies used to send their letters and reports to the Indian Office, not to mention that documents oft of India Office and its departments are considered the most important documents in the British Archives for writing the history of Qatar.

Dr. Aly Afify Aly Ghazi, researcher of modern and contemporary history, reviewed the importance of the Egyptian Archives for writing the history of Qatar and the Arabian Gulf during the first half of the nineteenth century.  He made it clear that the history of Qatar in that early historical period (the period of formation) cannot be separated from its geographical context. He mentioned that he had worked on this archive for eight years in order to prepare his Master thesis. In the beginning, he highlighted the significance of documents for historians. He stressed   the importance of the documents of Muhammad Ali Pasha, which are kept at the Egyptian National Archives in Cairo, for the writing of the history of Qatar and the Arabian Gulf, for he established the Public Archives in 1828 because of his interest in documents. These have received the attention of his successors. He pointed out that the archival units (Bahir Barra, Saniyya,   Divan El Jihadia, Khedive Divan, Governor of Abdeen, Governor of Al-Sham, Governor of Hejaz, Governor: miscellaneous) contain many documents related to the history of Qatar in that early historical period. He added that efforts should be made by researches to shed light on these units. He referred to a number of persons who applied themselves to studying the Egyptian Archives and who defined and published collections of their contents.  

Dr. Sahibe Aam Nadwi, a researcher specialized in the history of India, talked about the endeavor made by Hassan Bin Mohamed Center for Historical Studies to obtain documents related to Qatar from the Indian archives. He reviewed the Archives in the States of Delhi, Bengal, Bihar, Assam, Kerala and others. He also gave information about some of the archival units related to Qatar and Arabian Gulf States in those archives, pointing out to the difficulties he had faced in searching for documents in the archives like Public Records, Oriental Records, and rare manuscripts written in Arabic, Persian, Sanskrit and Balinese languages. These contain files entitled  Qatar: Political, Economic and Security Affairs ,  Qatar Relations with Neighboring States ,  Status of Indian Traders in Qatar ,  Status of Arab Tribes in Qatar , Attitude of Sheikh Jassim towards Ottoman authorities in Qatar  ,  Attitude of Great Britain  towards Sheikh Jassim  and so forth.

Mr. Mohammed Hammam Fekri, the general-supervisor of Hassan Bin Mohamed Center for Historical Studies, gave information about the importance of the Ottoman archives for writing the history of Qatar. He reviewed samples of those documents, particularly the incident of Qatar. He stressed that those documents, especially those related to the period from 1871 to 1913, cover many multiple aspects of the history of Qatar and illustrate the occurrences between Sheik Jassim and the Ottoman administration. He said that those documents spread in conservation units under the titles: papers of the Grand Vizierate, Kalam Mu’ahadat, Qalam Maktubi Al Sadara and Sultani Iradis. He concluded with refereeing to research works based on the documents of the Ottoman archives such as  Qatar under the Ottoman era  by zekeriya kurşun,  the Ottoman Gulf  by Frederick Anscombe and others.

At the end of the seminar, lectures gave been honored by Award certificates. The journalists  Said Dahri  head of the cultural department at Al- Arab Newspaper,  Abdul Ghani Bu Durra  and Abdul Fattah Maghawry from Qatar News Agency,  Mohamed Al-Rabia  from the cultural department in Al-Watan Newspaper and  Taha Abdul Rahman  from the cultural department in Al-Sharq Newspaper.

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Issue Number Six of Rewaq of History and Heritage (June 2018)

Issue Number Six of Rewaq of History and Heritage (June 2018)

This center has published its sixth issue. It includes the research of Dr. Pieter Sjoerd van Koningsveld, professor and founder of Islamic Studies Program at Leiden University in Netherlands. The researcher discusses the  Tomb of the Prophet Muhammad  (peace be upon him), as a main Islamic symbol from two different perspectives.  He starts with discussing the image as it was circulated in middle ages and during colonial times, and then in light of the early Islamic and contemporary Salafi sources.

Dr. Yousef Mohammed Abdullah, professor of Archaeology and Ancient Languages, and Dr. Sami Sharaf Mohammed Al Shehab, specialist in the General Organization of Antiquities and Museums in Sana’a in Yemen, examine  Temple of Almaqah Ba'al Awa'el (Mahram Bilqis in Ma’rib): a Study of New Archaeological Finds  through the discoveries of by a mission from the German Archaeological Institute in 1996, through the American Anthropological Association in 2005 and through their practical researches.

In his research entitled  History of the Present Times in Morocco: Context and Problematic Issues , Dr. Abdul Rahim Hassnawi, the researcher in Faculty of Literature and Human Sciences at Mohammed V University in Rabat in Morocco, highlights the historical context that illustrates the emergence of interest in present times and its writings in Morocco.

In his research entitled  British Visions of the Administration of Middle East Affairs 1920-1921 , Dr. Ahmed Galal Bassiouni, assistant professor of Modern and Contemporary History at Damanhur and Qatar Universities, reviews three projects that provide British visions of the administration of Middle East affairs following First World War. These projects submitted by Ormsby Gore, Herbert Samuel and Hubert Young.

Dr. Marwa Adel Ibrahim Abdel Gawad, professor of Islamic Antiquities in Faculty of Archaeology at Fayoum University, handles the  Mosque and School of Sultan Hassan in Cairo , on the light of drawings of some Egyptian Orientalists in the 13th Century AH/ 19th Century AD. However, the researcher will rely in his study on two painters: Pascal Coast and David Roberts because of the significance of their paintings in conforming to Realism and paying attention to the smallest details.

Dr. Mahmoud Ali Mohsen Al-Salmi, associate professor of Modern and Contemporary History at Aden University discusses the  Role of Position and Location in the History of Yemen . He clarifies both passive and positive influences of the geographical location on the history of Yemen.

Dr. Radwa Zaki, researcher in the Center of Writing and Script Studies in Alexandria Library, describes the  Islamic Cairo in the early 18th Century based on memories of the French Consul Benoît de Maillet , as these memories were the earliest French writings about Islamic Architecture and its patterns, elements and arts. She depicts Cairo in a clear picture including items of architecture, art and the Egyptian customs and traditions.

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The Center Receives Director of Rosa House for Publishing (May 2018)

The Center Receives Director of Rosa House for Publishing (May 2018)

The center received the writer Aisha Jassim Al Kuwari, director of Rosa House for Publishing, Printing and Distribution. The meeting was attended by the authors Issa Abdullah, Azza Al-Ali and Shaikha Al-Zyara and the artists Khawla Al Mannai and Mohammed Ali Abdullah, where avenues of cooperation between the center and the house, especially in terms of providing sources for historical writings or those that derive their material from historical events, were discussed during the meeting.   

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Qatar and the Gulf Region in Documents of the Russian Archives (April 2018)

Qatar and the Gulf Region in Documents of the Russian Archives (April 2018)

        As part of the events of Russian-Qatari cultural year (2018), and in cooperation with Qatar Authors’ Forum, the center organized a seminar, in which the Russian author  Sergei Plekhanov  delivered a lecture entitled  Russian-Qatari Relations...Documents from Russian Archives . He mentioned that the Russian presence in Arabian Gulf preceded the Portuguese and British presence there. He explained that the first Russian to arrive at Arabian Gulf was a merchant named  Avinashi Nikitin ; and that there might had been other persons who reached this area, but  Nikitin  was the first to describe his trips. He visited  Hormuz  and  Bandar Abbas  thirty years prior to the arrival of the ships of Vasco da Gama to the Indian Ocean. I do not know whether  Nikitin’ s   documents were translated into Arabic, but if not, it is right to build on them in order to provide Russian sources about the region.

        No doubt that the bulk of important information about the history of Qatar can be found in the archives of British and Ottoman Empires. However, Russian sources also can enrich our knowledge of the era of establishing the State of Qatar because Russians have been rivals to the British and the Turks in their struggle for influence in the region.  The most dramatic period in the history of struggle between St. Petersburg and London was called  A Great Game . Persia was the main area of rivalry, for it was seen as an atrium on the way to India. The Gulf, whether Persian or Arabian, had no less strategic significance; it was the place through which transport routes passed. It was also the focal point that connected the colony with the metropolitan country. London was getting concerned whenever a foreign warship appeared in the basin of that ocean. In the early twentieth century, a regular steamship line was established between Odessa and Basra by Russia. This line was considered as the first constant presence of a European State in a region Britain wanted to dominate. Russia had begun to open consulates along the shores of the Gulf. This suggested that the information received in St. Petersburg did not depend anymore on British and Turkish sources. Hence, documents of the archives of Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, of the General Staff, of the Navy and others might help in developing a different view about the events that took place in the 19th and early 20th centuries in the region.   The configuration and name of the Russian archives were changed more than once. They were displaced with the capital was moved to Moscow, and they were evacuated during the World War II. For this reason, these archives suffered lack of stability, and many became inaccessible. On the other hand, many records, which were secret before, became thanks to revolutions accessible to researchers quicker than in other countries. The matter, first of all, concerned the documents of the Soviet period.

        One who is interested in international relations in the Middle East, particularly in the Arabian Peninsula, may study the archives of bodies like the Comintern (Communist International; it existed until 1943) and the foreign department of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (existed until 1991).

        Some materials about Qatar could also be found in the archives of the Russian Embassy in Istanbul and in the consulates of Baghdad and Basra. It is likely that some interesting material may be traced in Tehran Embassy and in the Consulates of Isfahan, Busher and Bander Abbas.

        It is especially interesting for researchers to get acquainted with materials of the Soviet period that was marked by Marxist ideology. Those materials give an alternative view about many events compared with the western reading of them. Although those writings have become mere historical artifacts, they help in understanding the reasons of political rivalry during the Cold War decades.

        A number of specialists of different specializations must work together to produce such an edition. In the first place, they are those who can dedicate time and are capable to work in the archives and specialized libraries of Moscow and St. Petersburg as well as in the Institutes of Oriental Studies and Oriental Scripts.

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The Center Hosts Sawabeh Fikr Television Program (April 2018)

The Center Hosts Sawabeh Fikr Television Program (April 2018)

The Poet  Ahmed Zkiba , director of publications and publishing at the Ministry of Culture and Sports, was hosted by the center to record a segment of  Sawabeh Fikr Television Program , where he talked about poetry and its meaning, content, language and expressions, and about the course of progress of literature. He touched on the distinction of Qatar in poetry since the dawn of history; since it was visited by Abu Al-Ala'a Al-Hadrami. He attributed that prominence to the openness of Qatar to ancient civilizations. At the time of the Abbasid Caliphate, for instance, Qatar was surrounded by a number of grammarians, linguists and masters of poetry like Al-Kisa'i at Kufa, Sibawayh at Shiraz, and Al-Farahidi who had lived to the east of Qatar. Those linguists and men of letters passed through Qatar making it a source of knowledge. He turned to talk about A bout H. H. Sheikh Jassim bin Mohammed Al Thani, founder of the modern State of Qatar, who was himself a poet, was interested in knowledge, scientists and men of letters, and who had printed many books at his own expense. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ACaMY_5iTtc&t=22s

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Records of the Ruling Family in Qatar as a Historical Source (April 2018)

Records of the Ruling Family in Qatar as a Historical Source (April 2018)

        In the presence of H. H. Salah bin Ghanim Al Ali, Minister of Culture and Sports, the center organized a symposium, where Dr. Sheikh Khalid bin Mohamed bin Ghanim Al Thani gave a lecture entitled “Personal Records as a Source of Writing History: Records of the Ruling Family in Qatar as an Example”. He asserted that personal records are of great importance as a historical source for events, especially as writing them was not intended for publication. Furthermore, the writer was an eyewitness of and a contemporary with events; sometimes he was part of or played role in them. Therefore, these records give idea about the most important events from the writer’s point of view and provide us with unique information about social, cultural and political environment. They also provide a general view of methods of writing and the vocabularies that were used at the era of the writer. The lecturer pointed out that Gulf people wrote many records, but writing was rarely done by the ruler or members of the ruling family. This fact makes the records of the ruling family in Qatar a unique source. Many personal records, written by scholars and notables of Qatar, were maintained through history, like the records of Sheikh Mohammed bin Abdul-Aziz Al Mana, Mulla Salih Jabir, Hassan bin Mohamed Al Jabir and the poet Abdullah bin Saleh Al-Khulaifi. The records of the ruling family in Qatar include the records of Sheikh Jassim bin Mohamed Al Thani (65 records), Sheikh Mohamed bin Jassim Al Thani (184 records), Sheikh Abdul-Aziz bin Jassim Al Thani and Sheikh Ali bin Abdullah bin Jassim Al Thani (30 records). The topics of those records ranged from dates of birth and death, to travels and roaming, to political events like battles and others, to private occasions like marriage, circumcision, planting and construction, to natural events like floods and locust infestation and to economic affairs like markets, wages...etc. ...

Role of the Center in Raising Information Literacy (March 2018)

Role of the Center in Raising Information Literacy (March 2018)

Mr. Mohammed Hammad Fekri, the supervisor-general of the center, participated in the third forum for specialists of libraries and information, under the heading  Libraries in Qatar and their Role in Supporting Qatar National Vision 2030. He reviewd the role of the center in raising information literacy and the efforts to collect and make available the sources of the history of Qatar and the Arab Gulf; documents, manuscripts, periodicals, publicahions, photographs, maps, newspapers and other. He also touched on the efforts of the center to prepare and publish historical and cultural studies and researches and to issue a biannual refereed scientific magazine. Mr. Hammam emphasized that the center provide scientific consultations for many State actors in Qatar, as a specialized think tank, like Ministry of Culture, National Day celebrations organizing committee. He also explained the importance of the specialized library of the center in making soruces of knowledge available to researchers and those who are interested in history. He pointed out that the role played by the center, the consultations it provides and the books and periodicals it issues represent a credible source of knowledge that seeks human and cultural development, thorugh raisning information literacy among the Qataris and residents of Qatar, according to the vision of the well-beloved Emir of the country H.H. Sheikh Tamim Bin Hamad Al Thani that aims at developing Qatari people to be able to effectively participate in the social, political and economic life of the country in order to achieve Qatar National Vision 2030.

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The Center participates with its publications in the Frankfurt International Book Fair (Oct. 2017)

The Center participates with its publications in the Frankfurt International Book Fair (Oct. 2017)

The Frankfort International Book fair is considered the largest and most important book fair in the world. The Center had opportunity to participate through its publications in the 64th Frankfurt International Book Fair on 11-15 th October, 2017, with the book stall organized by the Ministry of Culture and Sports in order to promote intellectual progression between Qatar and Germany and to enhance the exchange of knowledge and information. It was also the occasion of Qatar Germany Year of Culture

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The Arabic Translation of “Selections from the Records of the Bombay Government” (Nov. 2017)

The Arabic Translation of “Selections from the Records of the Bombay Government” (Nov. 2017)

The center issued the first Arabic translation of the book “Selections from the Records of Bombay Government”. It consists of economic, social, historical and cadastral geographical reports about Persian Gulf and Eastern Arabia until 1856, when the book was printed for the first time. These reports were written by Political Residents and British Agents who were interested in making concise and condensed reports on the region and its political, geographical, social and economic conditions. They also made reports contain historical information about the tribes, regions, cities and Sheikdoms, in addition to cadastral reports that deals with ports and the relations of the British East India Company, Government of India and Government of London with the tribes of the region. They made reports on slave trade and on copies of treaties with Imam of Muscat and the Arabian Coast sheiks as well.

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The Center Participated in the 28th Doha International Book Fair (Nov. 2017)

The Center Participated in the 28th Doha International Book Fair (Nov. 2017)

            The center participated in Doha International Book Fair, at its 28th session from 29th November to 5th December, entitled “An Aware Society”. This session was marked by the participation of publishing houses representing many countries and by the largest number of visitors, which exceeded one million. The center exhibited its issues, the last of which was “Selections from the Records of the Bombay Government. This book consists of reports written by the Resident and Political Agents on the Persian Gulf until 1856, when the book was printed for the first time. The works “Sabayek al-Asjad”, “Majmo’a al-Fadail”, “Al-Jabr Al-Hisabi” and “Al-Hajj min Qatar Qadiman” were among the exhibited publications, in addition to the issues of Rewaq of History and Heritage Magazine.

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The fifth issue of the Journal "Rewaq of History and Heritage" (Jan. 2018)

The fifth issue of the Journal "Rewaq of History and Heritage" (Jan. 2018)

          Dr. Taha Hussein Hadeel discusses the role of Physicians of Yemen in developing the Medical Sciences from the seventh century to the tenth century of Hegira. He also touches on their studies and writings that contributed to developing this field of applied sciences and on the role of Yemeni Rulers in encouraging them.

          Dr. Mohamed El Shorbagy discusses the history of the family of Ibn al-Ja'yan; one of the most significant families that played a major role in the history of Egypt during the Mamluk period, where he analyzes its role in conducting the affairs of the state administration, especially the Department of Army (dīwān al-jaish).

          Dr. Mubarak Abu Assab deals with the artistic foundations in the documents and correspondence of Sultans of Morocco. In so doing, he analyzes the use of calligraphy, gilding, adornment and calligraphic monogram: seals and signatures of sultans as artistic elements.

          Dr. Mahmoud Khalaf introduces the travels of the Transoxanian scholars; Hanafis, Malikis, Shafi’is and Hanbalis, who travelled to Egypt. He introduces their most significant sheiks and students; some of their sayings, important writings and efforts in promoting scientific and cultural trips to Egypt.

Professor Muhsin al-Musawi introduces in his research paper the concepts of Islamic History, Modern History and theories of narratives.

          Dr. Penelope Tuson reviews historical sources about women of the Gulf and Arabia preserved in the British Archival Documents and Collections which is considered a main source for the history of the Gulf.

Dr. Jan P. Hogendijk examines the history of Mathematics and Astronomy in the Islamic ages until the Seventeenth century AD, where he reviews three instruments that show the direction of the Ka'bah in Mecca.

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The Center paid a visit to Qatar National Library (Nov. 2017)

The Center paid a visit to Qatar National Library (Nov. 2017)

The center's research fellows and staffs recently have visited the Qatar National library which is a part of Qatar Foundation for Education, Science and Community Development. They got chance to get information about the services provided by the library as well as they acquainted with its fine books, rare collections, manuscripts and archival documents and Collections, which exceed one and a half million titles most of them are related to Qatar and its history. They had also opportunity to explore library's heritage and rare collections which foundation was laid by Sheikh Hassan bin Muhammad al-Thani. This collection includes a number of rare and very valuable manuscripts, rare publications, and historical maps etc. in Arabic and other foreign languages.

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The fourth issue of "The Journal of History & Heritage" (June 2017)

The fourth issue of "The Journal of History & Heritage" (June 2017)

This issue contains a number of research studies in the field of history and Islamic legacy.

Canadian archaeologist Anita Bordet analyzes the British Naval Archives under the title:"Assessment of the official Records of the Gulf, the Arabian Sea & the Red Sea 1798-1960". The main purpose of this paper is to find out the differences between archival collections preserved in the British Navy Archives, in order to observe those occurrences happened in the region during the period under review.

German professor Albrist Voss & Egyptian research fellow Ahmed Sheer tried to obtain the answers to the questions "How the legend of the priest John influenced the conflict between Muslims and Christians and its effects on the East and the West?" in their research paper under the title "The conflict between Christians and Muslims between fact and myth".

Egyptian professor Ahmed Fuad Pasha in his research paper "Methodology for dealing with Islamic legacy in the history of civilization", discusses the ability of Islamic legacy to give birth to a new civilization if it is to be dealt with rational principles and methodologies which can recognize the imperative need of its revivalin the light of current facts and future expectations.

Turkish professor Zakaria Korshon provides some important evidences in his paper titled "Is the map of Tigris and Euphrates rivers illustrated and sketched by Olia Chalabi", through a careful comparative study of the map and the contents of Olia Chalabi's Travel Account. He tried to prove that the map was illustrated either by his hand or by someone else under his supervision.

Dr. Hilmi reviews in his paper the most famous naval ships used in the Arabian Gulf and its naval activities during the 18th and 19th centuries. He also tried to define its types, nationalities and descriptions.

In his paper "Islam and Muslims in the Western imagination", Dr. Hatem El-Tahawy examines the set of methods to avoid the hostile observations of Europe towards Islam and Muslims by providing positive stories about Islam and Muslims narrated by two illiterate European prisoner of war.

 

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Exclusive interview with General Editor-in-Chief on Doha TV program (March 2016)

Exclusive interview with General Editor-in-Chief on Doha TV program (March 2016)

Mr. Mohammed Hammam Fekri, editorial supervisor of Rewaq Magazine was hosted by a TV program "Doha this evening", which is broadcasted from Qatar. He talked in that program about the tendencies and aims of the magazine pointing out that it is a scholarly journal. Moreover, he described that the main objective of this journal to provide and promote new source of information in the cultural and intellectual life of Arab, especially in a time when the huge number of information available through multiple sources. In this environment this magazine has been launched outside the walls of university to address the ordinary readers in order to open intellectual dialogue among different segments of society and to be an intellectual network between scholars and intellectuals. He pointed out that the magazine is published quarterly and all published materials subject to peer review in accordance with international quality standards.

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Doha International Book Fair (2016)

Doha International Book Fair (2016)

The center participated in the 27th Doha International Book Fair by exhibiting a number of issues of its publications, where focus was on exhibiting the magazine “Rewaq of History and Heritage”. The Managing Editor of “Rewaq oh History and Heritage”, Dr. Ali Afify Aly Ghazi introduced visitors of the fair to the contents of the magazine, its method in publishing and refereeing and its conditions of publishing.

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The Center Participates in the Activities of “A Flower Each Spring” Program (Jan. 2018)

The Center Participates in the Activities of “A Flower Each Spring” Program (Jan. 2018)

Under the auspices of HH Sheikha Moza bint Nasser, the center participated in the activities of “A Flower Each Spring” Program for the year 2018, which celebrates this year the “Helianthemum” flower; one of the native plants of Qatar. This participation comes within the framework of concluding the program’s twentieth edition because it listed the plant number twenty in its history, in order to highlight the local flora in Qatar and the State’s efforts in maintaining the biotic and environmental diversity, in increasing the awareness of people about the significance of Vegetation in protecting environment from degradation and desertification and  giving aspects of joy and beauty to environment, in introducing the medical and economic benefits of plants, in promoting the proper use of them, in guiding the youth to have positive behavior towards natural environment and in developing innovative and creative capabilities in fields of development of environment.  

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Structure of the economic system of the Abbasid Caliphate (May 2017)

Structure of the economic system of the Abbasid Caliphate (May 2017)

The Center organized a seminar in which Dr. Omar Maan al-Ali, lecturer at the faculty of Arts, delivered a lecture on "The Structure of the economic system of the Abbasid Caliphate". He discussed a number of topics related to the economy and trade system during the period under review. He began his lecture by a recapitulation of the history of agricultural sector and its positions during the Abbasid era and introduced the nature of ownership of private agricultural lands, for instance, agricultural land considered to be Kharāj land, and the Usher land upon whose fruits one tenth is due as Zakah. Moreover, he made a comparison between Kheraji and Usher lands. He also explained the conditions of arid land (mewat land) and the lands owned by the Ummah or the Public treasury (Bait-ul-Maal) in other words the lands belongs to the Caliph and the State. In his final talks about the land types he reviewed the importance of the waqf lands and feudalism system and the condition of big land lords. He also discussed the monetary system during the Abbasid era and pointed out that the Abbasid Caliphate introduced a number of dinar and dirham which were inscribed with simple Kufi style of writing. According to his research the weight of the Umayyad dirham ranged from 2.22 to 4.28 grams, while the weight of the Dinars fluctuated between 4.22 to 4.28 grams. The names of caliphs as well as the names of crown princess, ministers and commanders were inscribed on dirham and dinar. He also shed lights on the economic system of the Abbasid state saying that they were familiar with bills of exchange as well as Bayt al-mal system which has a number of functions but initially it served as a royal treasury for the caliphs and managing personal finances and government expenditures. According to him there was also a special kind of treasury house which served the group of interests who had been investing their whole or partial funds in banking activities such as borrowing and lending loans debts etc. He also talked about the trade activities during Abbasid period and reviewed the Baghdad market as an example. He tackled on circulated commodities and stuffs in the market places pointing out the measures system in the markets and trade relations between Baghdad and other countries such as China, India and Sind across the Arabian Gulf discussing the import and export system between those countries. In his conclusion he talked about the home industrial activities and position of the local craftsmen and their relations with the government's administration. He concluded that the Abbasid Caliphate was known for its unique and developed economic networks which the previous states were not familiar with especially in financial matters and banking services that were being run by a high level of political and economic management.

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The Center participates in the first national book fair at Al Khor, Qatar (April 2017)

The Center participates in the first national book fair at Al Khor, Qatar (April 2017)

The Center has participated in the first national book fair which was organized in Al Khor, Qatar, during 25-29 April (2017). The center participated with its own stall to exhibit all publishing activities of its books especially its peer reviewed journal "Rewaq of History and Heritage”,  and new publication such as "Noor al-Dalalah …Al-Jabr Al-Hisabi fi Al-Qarn Al-Thalith Ashar" by Al-Khilati, " Māhiyat al-Athar al-Ladhī Yabdū 'Alā Wajh al-Qamar" by Ibn al-Haytham, "Maqālat Fī al-Niqirs" by Abū Bakr Muhammad ibn Zakariyyā al-Rāzī, and "The Hajj from Qatar… pleasant memories".

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Publication of the new issue of the "Arab Museums Magazine" with the support of the Center (June 2017)

Publication of the new issue of the "Arab Museums Magazine" with the support of the Center (June 2017)

Within the framework of cooperation between the Center and the Arab Organization of Museums (IACOM), the new issue of the magazine of Arab has been published. The issue was opened by the orientalist Dahmali, Secretary General of the Arab Organization of Museums, the editor-in-chief of the magazine " Arab cultural heritage between unity and diversity". The exhibition included a number of research papers. Dr. Khaled Azab discussed the future vision of heritage and museums and Ossama Abdel-Warth talked about the role of museum in civilization and sustainable development. Saleh Falah tackled on the issue of establishment of museums. Dr. Ammar Abdel Rahman talked about the position of Syrian museums during the current crisis: The museum of the Open University is an example". Dr. Muhammed Said al-Murtaji discussed museums and the method of presentation & exhibition, while Dr. Lakhdar Salim Qaboub shed light on special kind of museums: Currency Museum as a model. Asma Hassan explained the facilities and materials for guidance in museums. Mohammed Riad khamiri talked about The National Museum of Iraq and it's influenced on society in the city of Samarra. On that occasion the opening speech of the Arab ICOM conference has been published, which held in Tunisia on 26-27 April 2016 under the title "What role for the Arab (IACOM) in supporting the ICOM International Observatory for the protection of cultural heritage? Sheikh Hasaan bin Mohammed al-Thani heads the organization for two consecutive sessions. 

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The third issue of the Journal of History and Heritage (Jan. 2017)

The third issue of the Journal of History and Heritage (Jan. 2017)

In his research titled “Sylvester II, the Christian Pope who first brought Arab-Muslim science into Europe”, Michael Morgan defined the role of Pope Sylvester II, as being the first influential European to transfer Arab-Muslim science to Europe. Dr. Mubarak bu Asab, dedicates his research titled: “Study the Weapon Technology in “Al-Saadi” era, in the light of the Arabic manuscript: “Izz wa-al-manāfiʻ lil-mujāhidīn fī sabīl Allāh bi-ālāt al-ḥurūb wa-al-madāfi”.  Dr. Nasir Ibrahim, presents his research under the title: “The Inclusive Society and Culture in Egypt”: a historical Study in the light of letters of Mamluk rulers”. Dr. Sahib El-Nadwi, reviews, in his research paper, the Contributions of Indian scholars in writing the biographies of the Companions of Prophet Mohammed, and their efforts in propagating Islam and Islamic culture in India through the book:"al-Iqd Al-Thameen fi Futuhul al hind…" written by Athar Mubarakpuri. Dr. Salma Ismail, introduces in her research the significance of folklore in reviewing the Islamic History. Dr. Mustafa Wajih, affirms in his research titled: “The role of bread in social movement in Egypt at the Time of the Mamluk Sultans (1250-1517)” that the most popular uprisings in Egypt, at the time of the Mamluk Sultans, has occurred for two reasons: Religion and Food. Dr. Hassan Khalil tackles legacies and inheritances during the Ottoman era in the light of Ottoman archival documents.

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Seminar on the presence of Indian communities in GCC countries during the British rule (Feb. 2017)

Seminar on the presence of Indian communities in GCC countries during the British rule (Feb. 2017)

The Center organized a history seminar titled "Introduction of some Indian trading communities and their presence in the GCC countries during the British rule". Dr. Sahibe Alam Azami Nadwai delivered the lecture and introduced the origins of some Indian communities which have been mentioned in the Arabic sources during Islamic period, as well as in the archival British documents related to trade activities in the Gulf. He shed lights on those Indian communities which played a crucial role in the international trade such as Banyans, Khojas, Bohras and Memons who belong to Islamic sects. These Indian communities established a thriving trade network between the littorals of Gujarat and Sind as well as between the southern Indian coastal regions; the Arabian Gulf States, Zanzibar and East African regions and therefore they secured a prime position among the mercantile communities of these commercial coastal areas. He looked into the origins of these Indian communities pointing out that many Arabic sources and Archival documents use the word "Banyans" to mean the all Indian traders without distinguishing between other Indian Muslim communities though the term " Banyans" refers to a certain class of Hindu social group in India. And due to the limited use of the term " Banyans" to the whole Indian traders in the Archival documents and Arabic sources, it is, therefore, understood that all Indian traders and merchants were belonging to this Hindu social group, but the fact is that the other Hindu and Muslim communities also had significant contribution to the trade activities in GCC countries during the age of sail. He concluded his lecture by saying that it is, therefore, necessary to look into the origins of these Indian trading communities as well as to review of their relationship with other Arab trading communities which had settled in the main Indian trading cities in that time. 

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First International Conference of Arab-Muslim History of Applied & Medical Sciences (May 2017)

First International Conference of Arab-Muslim History of Applied & Medical Sciences (May 2017)

Dr. Sahibe Alam Azami Nadwi, research fellow at the Center, participated in the first international conference of Arab-Muslim history of applied and medical sciences.  The conference was held under the Institute for the History of Arabic-Islamic Sciences at the University of Imam Muhammad bin Saud Islamic University in Riyadh on 2-4 May 2017. The researcher presented his paper under the title:"The contribution of Indian and Arab scholars to the development of medicine and pharmacy sciences during Islamic period."

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Fourth Annual Conference of Historical Studies (April 2017)

Fourth Annual Conference of Historical Studies (April 2017)

Dr. Sahibe Alam Azami Nadwi, research fellow at the Center, participated in the fourth annual conference of historical studies hosted by The Arab Center for Research and Policy Studies under the title:"The Arabs, from Marj Dabiq to Sykes-Picot (1516-1916): the Transition from Sultanates to National States, in Beirut on April 21-22-2017. He had working paper titled:"Attitudes of Indian Muslims towards the pan-Islamist political movement and its influence on the Khilafat movement in India: a historical study in the light of Indian sources and British Archival documents".

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The Fourth International Forum of Jerusalem Endowments "Awqaf

The Fourth International Forum of Jerusalem Endowments "Awqaf' (May 2017)

The fourth international forum on the Waqf of Jerusalem organized by the Turkish government under the auspices of President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and his supervision on 8-10 May 2017 in Istanbul. The research fellow presented his paper under the titile: Attitudes of Indian Muslims towards Waqf of Jerusalem in Palestine and India: a historical study in the light of Indian sources and British archival documents".

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Doha International Book Fair (Dec. 2015)

Doha International Book Fair (Dec. 2015)

The Center participated in the Doha International Book Fair in its 26th edition by presenting a number of publications. The focus was on the presentation of the magazine Riwaq: History and Heritage.
Dr. Ali Afifi Ali Ghazi, Editor-in-Chief of Riwaq Journal of History and Heritage, introduced the contents of the magazine, its publishing and arbitration curriculum, and the conditions of publishing it, as well as a simple explanation of the center's activities. For the activities of the seminar of the Makki Line in the first three centuries of migration organized by the Center....

Rewaq, History and Heritage”,  2nd Issue,  (June 2016)

Rewaq, History and Heritage”, 2nd Issue, (June 2016)

The second issue of Rewaq, History and Heritage has been published. This issue contains a number of scientific and historical research papers written by eminent scholars, which constitute new additions to the stock of knowledge.

          In his research titled "From Arabia to Silicon Valley" Michael Morgan, scholar of Islamic legacy, reviews the contributions of Arab and Islamic civilization to the human civilization through which the first thinkers formed a real image of the modern world.

Prof. Jamal Hajar, professor of modern & contemporary history at Alexandria University, presents an image of the intellectual meeting between the politician and the philosopher in his paper titled "peace talk between Bertrand Russell and Jamal Abdul Nasir 1962-1966".

Prof. Youssef Abdullah, professor of archaeology at Sana University, Yemen, reviews a number of literary imagery in the light of pre-Islamic archaeological examples in Arabia, exceeding the matter of doubt in pre-Islamic poetry.

In his research titled "Derkaouia Islamic school in Morocco from criticizing and opposing the Makhzen to rejecting and resisting the French occupation" Dr. Qasim Al-Hadk, research fellow at Sidi Muhammad Bin Abdullah University, Fez, presents an image of the modern political history of Morocco.

Prof. Jalal Zine El Abideen describes in his research titled "Political violence in Morocco post independence" a critical political period in the contemporary history of Morocco.

Prof. Ali al-Syed in his paper titled "Humphrey II: Constable of the Crusade Kingdom of Jerusalem" depicts a character that played a vital role in the foundation of a Christian feudal state in Jerusalem describing his military role in uniting the Christians in north Syria.

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The first issue of “Rewaq of History and Heritage” (January, 2016)

The first issue of “Rewaq of History and Heritage” (January, 2016)

The first issue of “Rewaq of History and Heritage” (January, 2016)

     The Hassan Bin Mohammed Center for Historical Studies released the first issue of Rewaq of History and Heritage in the month of January 2015, after issuing its trial number before six months.

 This issue contains a number of research papers in the field of History and Islamic legacy. Professor Rushdi reviewed the position of Ibn al-Haytham and his contributions in Mathematics and Optics, and Professor Nasser Ahmed Suleiman wrote about “Seyahatname of Egypt (1673-1680): a Critical Reading of the Dimensions of Ottoman Discourse”.  In his article entitles “Kiswah and Drapes of Prophet’s Mosque and Chamber: Preliminary Study of their Origin, History and Artistic Patterns”, the researcher Mohammed bin Hussein Al-Mojan reviewed a documented historical account about the Kiswah and its development.  And in the field of Greek Literature, Professor Magda El-Nowieemy reviewed “The First Arabic Edition of Iliad by Homer” showing the peculiarity of translating this epic poetry and its determinants. Professor Lutfullah Qari in his article discussed about the historical sets of surgical instruments preserved in Museums of the world and the importance of introducing them”.  Professor Abdul-Aziz Abdul-Ghani Ibrahim presented his article titled "King Abdul Aziz: his Divan and Types of Najdi Traditions in the Book of “the Phoenix of Arabian Peninsula” as an eyewitness. Professor Maher Issa tried to find out the answer for: “Why Egyptians Turned to Arabic?” In the field of archival documents, Professor Penelope Tuson, a curator of archives and historian, wrote her article “Qatar and Arabian Gulf States in Documents of British Archives”.

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The position of the journal "Rewaq of History and Heritage" in the database of Al Manhal (Dec. 2016)

The position of the journal "Rewaq of History and Heritage" in the database of Al Manhal (Dec. 2016)

Report October-December 2016)

The reading Statistics data of Al-Munhal electronic database for last three months (October-December 2016) brought out the circulation ratio of research papers published in the journal "Rewaq of History and Heritage" in the number of international universities located in China, India, America, Malaysia, Turkey, Sultanate of Oman, Egypt, U.A.E, Lebanon, Palestine, Qatar University Libraries and Qatar National Library etc.

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Mekki Calligraphy during the First Three Centuries of Hegira is the Basis of Mawzon Calligraphies : a Seminar (November, 2015)

Mekki Calligraphy during the First Three Centuries of Hegira is the Basis of Mawzon Calligraphies : a Seminar (November, 2015)

              In a seminar organized by the center under the title “Mekki Calligraphy during the First Three Centuries of Hegira is the Basis of Mawzon Calligraphies”, the expert in Calligraphy, Manuscripts, Antiquities and Islamic Arts Mr. Youssef Thanon talked about the time when Arabic calligraphy began to spread in Mecca; the calligraphy that was named after it and called “Mekki Pen”, which means Mekki Calligraphy, where it came to be known at the beginnings of Arabic calligraphy that accompanied the revelation of Holy Quran, in addition to the calligraphies that prevailed during the first three centuries of Hegira, which started from Mecca at the time of Prophet Mohammed (peace be upon him) under the name of “Mekki calligraphy” to be the first  Arabic calligraphy.  According to him the Mecci calligraphic style basically used for recording the Quran and used in two ways during the first and second centuries and it was developed over the span of many years and in different regions. He also discussed some calligraphy terms saying that they are need to be explained such as Kufic script, which name is used for a number of Islamic calligraphies but that are known to originated from Mekki. However, reality indicates that Kufa may have nothing to do with development of calligraphy. This naming arrived in the 7th century and beyond. It was given as a result of inaccurate information about the names of calligraphies in their various times; hence, it was given to this calligraphy that is called Kufic in our time. He also shed light on the recent discovery of a Quran manuscript which is known as the "The Birmingham Qur'an Manuscript". He talked about its calligraphic style comparing with the various Arabic calligraphic styles which were used in the Quran writing during the first three centuries and concluded that its dates don't go back to about first century After Hijrah.

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The Design of Rewaq of History and Heritage Magazine wins the platinum award (Oct. 2016)

The Design of Rewaq of History and Heritage Magazine wins the platinum award (Oct. 2016)

Rewaq of History and Heritage Magazine won the platinum prize, best in category, at the conference of Creativity International Awards of 2016, in book and publication design. The Rewaq of History and heritage is a peer reviewed periodical journal published in Hassan Bin Mohammed Center for Historical Studies. Its design was made by the New Zealand based designer Rehan Saiyed and his company Storm World Wide.

      More than 3500 entries were received from 40 countries, 2 Canadian Provinces and 25 US States. Only 3% made it to Platinum this year, Gold 4%, Silver 24% and Bronze 27%.

      It is worth mentioning that the platinum award, which was won by the magazine, is granted for one entry of the category; and Rewaq magazine was an undoubted winner among the judges to grab the Best in Category honor.

     It was mentioned in the Press Release of the Conference of Creativity International Awards that the winning entries will be showcased in the conferences and events of designing starting with Adobe Max in San Diego, California. Winners received 2 professionally designed certificates commemorating the winning entry with entry title and a Trophy. The winning entries have been featured on Website, and iPad App of Creativity International Awards.

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The center publishes the first edited and revised version of the Noor al Dalalah Manuscript by Al-Khilati (July 2016)

The center publishes the first edited and revised version of the Noor al Dalalah Manuscript by Al-Khilati (July 2016)

The center has published the book “Noor al-Dalalah …Al-Jabr Al-Hisabi fi Al-Qarn Al-Thalith Ashar”. It is written by Al-Khilati and edited and revised by Dr. Rushdi Rashid. This is an instructive book in which the author has collected the most important findings in Algebraic and Arithmetic as well as its related areas. It also contains some results of the Number theory. The full name of author Fakhr al-Din Abdul Aziz bin Abdul-Jabbar al-Khilati (1197-1282), however, the title "Khilati" refers to his native city "Khilat" located in Persia. As for the editor of the book, Dr. Rushdi Rashid, he is currently working as honorary research director (distinct group) at the National Center for Scientific Research in Paris. He held the position of director at the Center of History of Arab Sciences, middle Ages and Philosophy in Paris at the University of Denis Diderot. He has compiled about fifty books in English and French, among which six important books dedicated to the Mathematics, Optics and Astrology of Ibn al-Haytham. These books have been published in English, Arabic and French.

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The Center enters into a partnership agreement with Al Manhal Company (July 2016)

The Center enters into a partnership agreement with Al Manhal Company (July 2016)

The Center has entered into partnership agreement with Al Manhal, an electronic distribution company which distributes the Center's publications electronically. Al-Manhal is an e-publishing company specializes in providing academic and scientific content published in the Middle East. It is considered the first and most advanced electronic database in the Arab courtiers in providing with academic and scientific Arabic content electronically. It is established to enable Arab universities, publishing houses and research institutions to achieve academic benefits with advanced program benefiting from distribution channels by its investors and partners.

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The contribution of Hassan bin Muhammad Center in documenting the history of Qatar (May 2012)

The contribution of Hassan bin Muhammad Center in documenting the history of Qatar (May 2012)

In a seminar titled "The role of the Archives in writing of the History of Nations" organized by Ministry of Culture, Arts and Heritage on the 1st and 2nd of May 2012, Mr. Muhammad Hammam Fekri delivered a lecture under the title "Contributions in documenting the History of Qatar: Hassan bin Muhammad Center as an example". He explained the role of the center in documenting the history of Qatar and discussed in detail the projects undertaken by the center in examining the local and foreign historical sources, referring in the particular to the project of translating the British Archival documents into Arabic language.

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